What is cricket?

Cricket is a game played with a bat and a ball.  Cricket is played on a cricket field between two teams of eleven players each.  Fields are often circular or oval in shape.  The edge of the playing area is marked by a boundary which is often a rope or a painted line.  In the centre of the field is a rectangular pitch, a flat surface 3 metres wide.  On both sides of the pitch is a wooden target called a wicket, which is stood at both ends.  Each wicket is made of three wooden stumps topped by two bails.  The wickets are placed 20 metres apart. 

Before a match begins, the team captains (who are also players) toss a coin to determine which team will bat first.  Each time a team bats is called an innings.  In each innings, one team bats, attempting to score the maximum amount of runs they can.  The other team bowls and fields the ball, attempting to restrict the scoring and dismiss the batsmen.  When all the batsmen are dismissed the teams change over.  The team that was bowling and fielding now takes their turn to bat.


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